Samurai means “to serve.”
Tamurai means “to serve through tea.”
AT TAMURAI TEA OUR GOAL IS TO HONOR THE SPIRIT OF HEALTH AND WELL-BEING.
WHAT IS FIRST FLUSH?
It can be intimidating when you step into a teashop and notice the countless types, classifications, and descriptions of tea. Who knew there were so many? Once you learn some of the basic tea lingo, you’ll be able to break down and decipher what each classification really means. In the world of premium teas, understanding Flush is a good place to begin.
First, teas are often classified by type, such as white, green, or black. Next, many teas are defined by the region where they were grown, such as China, Ceylon, India, or Bangladesh. Some teas may also be classified by how they were treated during processing, such as scented or flavored teas like Earl Grey and Jasmine.
When you take it a step further, premium teas are also often classified by Flush, or the time of year when tea leaves are plucked. Each Flush is determined by the geography and climate of the region where the tea is grown. First Flush is defined as the very first plucking of a tea plant’s harvest season. The new growth leaves plucked during First Flush are the youngest and most tender part of the tea plant and are said to yield the purest and freshest cup of tea that plant is capable of producing. Each additional Flush yields different flavor and aroma characteristics as the growing season for that tea plant progresses.
About Darjeeling Flushes
The Darjeeling region bumps up against Tibetan Himalaya and stretches between high mountain ridges and deep mountain valleys. The challenging geography and rough, sometimes inaccessible, terrain are what make Darjeeling such an exclusive tea. In fact, Darjeeling is only capable of producing one percent of India’s total tea output.The most common to be harvested and classified by Flush are the famous Darjeeling teas of India. Of India’s three main tea-growing regions, Darjeeling is not the largest but it is the best known for yielding some of the most prized tea in the world. To understand why is to understand the region’s geography.
Another reason Darjeeling tea is so prized is that it is completely unique to this region of India. While some Darjeeling tea gardens cultivate the native India tea bush variety (Camellia sinensis assamica), much of the tea cultivated in this region is the China variety (Camellia sinensis sinensis) that has acclimated to the high elevation and rugged climate that is similar to but unique from China’s. What’s more, many Darjeeling tea bushes may be a China-India hybrid found nowhere else in the world.
Because the winter weather is severe across the Darjeeling region, its tea bushes are dormant for many months of the year. Depending on the tea garden location, harvest season runs from February to November and yields several seasonal Flushes along the way. Each Flush takes advantage of the newest growth on the tea bush and reflects the seasonal effects on the leaves as the tea bush matures.
- The First Flush is the picking of the brand new two leaves and a bud in the earliest spring growth of the plant, as early as February and often lasting through April. These early leaves are usually more delicate and tender and therefore more light, floral, fresh, brisk, and astringent in flavor. To preserve the spring leaf flavor, First Flush Darjeeling teas are generally less oxidized during processing and may appear more greenish in color than a typical black tea. Darjeeling First Flush tea is some of the most prized and expensive on the market. It is so special and exclusive that tea connoisseurs consider the first harvest from this region to be the “Champagne” of teas.
- The Second Flush is picked as early as April and runs through May or June. Second Flush yields larger, more mature leaves with a purplish hue and silver tips or leaf buds. The leaf growth during this period is much more rapid than the early spring growth. These larger, fast-growing leaves yield a stronger yet smoother flavor for the finished tea. Teas from this Flush are known for their full-bodied, muscatel, and fruity flavor.
- The Monsoon Flush runs from June or July through October and yields large leaves that brew into a stronger color and bolder flavor that is less complex or nuanced than the previous Flushes. Teas from this Flush are often used for iced tea and commercial tea bag tea production.
- The Autumnal Flush happens in October and November and yields a finished tea with a rich copper-colored liquor that can be described as rich, full, nutty, and smooth in flavor. Leaf growth slows down during this period and the tea plant is squeezing out the last of what it has to offer before it goes dormant for the winter.
No matter which Flush a Darjeeling tea comes from, each batch of fresh leaf will be different from one day, one garden, one season to the next. Darjeeling leaves are processed…withered, rolled, oxidized…in a technique that reflects the conditions of the season and of the plucked leaf. So no batch of Darjeeling will ever be the same.
About Teatulia®’s First Flush
After the winter months and spring rains hit Teatulia’s own gardens in Bangladesh, our tea plants awaken from their winter dormancy bursting with new, tender leaves. We pluck these robust leaves and turn them into the purest and most exquisite cup of black tea available from our gardens.
Our First Flush tea brews into a golden liquor with the gentle aroma of honey and caramel. It’s a mildly astringent tea with a complex flavor that blends sweet malt with notes of soaked raisin and barley. The brewed tea contains about half the amount of caffeine than a cup of coffee.
Buying and Storing First Flush
When you buy a First Flush tea, you’re buying some of the freshest and most exquisite tea available. First Flush teas are premium teas that are typically more expensive than other teas on the market, so you’re usually making an investment in that tea. Therefore, it’s important to buy it from a reputable company that can tell you when and how the tea was processed and packaged. Ask the tea producer for specific instructions on storing and brewing your First Flush tea as well.
First Flush teas are usually only lightly oxidized so that their fresh flavor can shine through. Therefore, consuming your First Flush sooner rather than later is a good idea. First Flush teas can last up to one year if stored properly in a cool, dark place and in an opaque, airtight container away from light, moisture and pantry items like coffee and spices that can leach flavor into the tea leaves.
For more information about how to best care for your tea, visit our How to Store Tea page.
Brewing First Flush
Each First Flush is going to be different depending on where and how the tea was cultivated, harvested, and processed. To brew the perfect cup, ask your tea vendor for brewing instructions specific to the tea you purchased. Here are a few general brewing tips to keep in mind:
- Use fresh, pure, cold filtered water. Spring water is the best.
- First Flush teas are typically more lightly oxidized compared to other black teas. Therefore, they should be brewed in slightly cooler temperatures for less time to avoid a tea that is too astringent and bitter. We suggest brewing our Teatulia First Flush with water that’s just off the boil (180 to 200 degrees) for 2 to 3 minutes.
- If you don’t have an electric kettle with temperature control, just remember that at sea level water simmers at 190 degrees and boils at 212 degrees. The boiling temperature drops about a degree for every 100 feet in altitude increase.
- If your First Flush tea came with specific recommendations for brewing, use those. But using about 2 grams of loose leaf tea per 8 oz. cup of water is a safe bet.
- Cover your tea while it steeps to keep all the heat in the steeping vessel.
- The longer your tea steeps, the more quickly it will release any bitterness and astringency. So it’s important not to over steep a First Flush tea that already has an astringent quality. Taste your tea after the recommended steeping time and then decide if you’d like it to steep a little longer.
- Most premium First Flush teas can be steeped multiple times.
- Some First Flush teas are strong enough to stand up to milk and sugar, but for the best flavor experience try sipping your First Flush without any additives. That way, you can enjoy the subtle flavor of the freshest spring tea leaves.
Darjeeling Tea via Wikipedia
The Story of Drinking Tea: A Cultural History and Drinking Guide by Mary Lou Heiss and Robert J. Heiss
Indian Tea via Tea Class by Adagio
The moringa tree has several intriguing nicknames. It is called horseradish tree because of the sharp flavor of its roots. People noted the long, thin bean pods and called it drumstick tree. Because of its medicinal uses, some call it the miracle tree. Researchers are looking into its potential health benefits. One of the easiest ways to enjoy this interesting plant is in the form of moringa tea.
The best-known moringa, Moringa oleifera, grows in the Himalayan foothills. Other varieties are native to Africa. Because it grows rapidly, the moringa tree could be a valuable crop for cultivation in many parts of the world. The beans, root, seeds, and leaves all have practical uses. The leaves are boiled and eaten like spinach and dried for tea. You can also make tea using moringa powder.
Moringa tea does not have a lot of nutritive value. One moringa tea bag contains:
- Calories: 0
- Protein: 0 grams
- Fat: 0 grams
- Carbohydrates: 1 grams
- Fiber: 1 grams
- Sugar: 0 grams
Potential Health Benefits of Moringa Tea
Most scientific investigations of moringa are lab investigations or animal studies. More research is needed to prove the health benefits of moringa for humans.
Moringa tea could help people with diabetes regulate their blood glucose levels. Many studies have shown positive results with animals. Human studies have been less consistent. Some show that moringa consumption can lower glucose levels after meals. Researchers say that differences between moringa varieties and preparation methods could cause differing results.
In a lab study, moringa slowed the growth of human pancreatic cancer cells and improved the effect of chemotherapy drugs. Researchers state that moringa is well-tolerated by lab animals. More studies are needed to prove the effectiveness and safety of moringa for people with cancer.
In an animal study, moringa leaf extract had positive effects on brain chemistry. Researchers concluded that moringa should be investigated as a treatment for Alzheimer’s disease.
Protection Against Chronic Disease
The leaves of the moringa tree contain several compounds that can stave off chronic disease. These substances include polyphenols, tannins, saponins, and others. Besides combating heart disease, liver damage, and diabetes, these compounds also fight chronic inflammation.
Potential Risks of Moringa Tea
Both animal and human studies have shown moringa to be generally safe. Still, moringa products could pose a risk to some individuals. Before you use moringa tea, consider these potential health risks:
Moringa can decrease the effectiveness of at least one diabetes drug. It can increase the side effects of other drugs. If you take medications, talk to your doctor before drinking moringa tea.
In animal studies, moringa has inhibited reproduction. The bark of the moringa tree has been linked to a risk of miscarriage. Although moringa tea is not made from bark, pregnant women should avoid moringa altogether.ADVERTISING
Interaction with Chemotherapy
Moringa has been shown to boost the effectiveness of certain chemotherapy drugs. Still, those undergoing chemotherapy should not use herbal products unless they ask their doctor first. Herbs can interact with chemotherapy drugs.
What Is Ceylon Tea? Benefits, Uses, & Recipes
Written by Lindsey Goodwin Updated 08/05/20
Ceylon tea is a popular type of black tea that is also known as Sri Lankan tea. Served as an iced tea or warm, it is a favorite beverage for many tea drinkers. While Ceylon is known for its bold flavor, it can vary significantly in taste, depending on the type of tea and where it’s grown in the country.https://453aaf78c3fee4e9558e77454a3d4cb9.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
• Origin: Sri Lanka
• Alternative Names: Sri Lankan tea
• Temperature: 194–205°F
• Caffeine: 50–90 mg per cup
What Is Ceylon Tea?
Ceylon (say-lawn) tea is a tea produced on the island nation of Sri Lanka, formerly known as Ceylon. Sri Lanka is small, but it has an enormous range in elevation, climate, soil type, plant varietals, and weather, so the flavors and character of the teas produced there vary greatly. Despite the regional nuances, a classic Ceylon flavor is generally thought to be bold, full, and brisk. It has medium-to-full tannins and some notes of citrus, chocolate, or spice.https://453aaf78c3fee4e9558e77454a3d4cb9.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
Ceylon teas are made from the dried leaves of the tea plant, Camellia sinensis. The leaves are often described as wiry because they are left long and thin with a wirelike look. In the world of tea, these leaves are very easy to recognize. Most Ceylon tea is orthodox tea, meaning it was processed by hand, making a brisk, bright tea.
5 Health Benefits of Ceylon Tea:
Ceylon tea is known to have a long list of health benefits. Some major benefits include:https://453aaf78c3fee4e9558e77454a3d4cb9.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
Drinking tea boosts your metabolism, which may help increase energy and help your body burn fat.https://453aaf78c3fee4e9558e77454a3d4cb9.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
Ceylon tea is rich in antioxidants, which may increase white blood cells, boost the immune system, and help the body fight disease-causing viruses and harmful bacteria.https://453aaf78c3fee4e9558e77454a3d4cb9.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
Studies have shown that consumption of black tea may help reduce blood pressure.1 Ceylon tea contains potassium, which relaxes the tension in your blood vessels and arteries.https://453aaf78c3fee4e9558e77454a3d4cb9.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
Drinking Ceylon tea has been shown to reduce blood glucose levels. By helping to regulate the glucose and insulin levels in the body, Ceylon tea may help prevent the spikes and drops that can be dangerous for people with diabetes.https://453aaf78c3fee4e9558e77454a3d4cb9.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html
Collagen is important for skin elasticity. Some of the antioxidants that have been identified in Ceylon tea are linked to reducing collagen loss in the skin by preventing oxidative stress in the surrounding cells.
Ceylon tea is typically consumed as a refreshing beverage, freshly brewed and hot, or as an iced tea. Lemon, sweeteners, and/or milk may be added to smooth its strong flavor and reduce bitterness. Because of its caffeine and brisk qualities, it makes for a good morning or afternoon tea.
How to Drink Ceylon Tea
The diversity of Ceylon teas leads to a great variety in how you can enjoy it. Ceylon teas are a popular base for iced teas. They also make one of the most pleasant hot teas you will find. This type of tea is the epitome of the term “self-drinker,” which is used to describe teas (primarily black) that need no enhancements because they are perfect on their own. You can also use it in milk tea, which is an ideal way to smooth out the flavor and bitterness present in Ceylon tea.
To brew Ceylon tea, fill a teapot and teacup about halfway with hot water to preheat them, then pour the water out. Add about 1 teaspoon leaves per 8 ounces of water to the teapot. Fill with boiling water (194 to 205 F), cover the pot, and steep for 3 to 5 minutes. Once the leaves settle at the bottom of the teapot, agitate the tea to allow proper extraction. The longer the tea brews, the greater the caffeine content and strength of flavor.
Caffeine Content in Ceylon Tea
Ceylon tea does have caffeine, but the amount will vary depending on the leaves used and how it is prepared. Tea bags usually have more caffeine than whole tea leaves, and the steeping time will also affect the caffeine level.
An 8-ounce cup of Ceylon black tea generally contains 50 to 90 milligrams of caffeine, depending on the strength to which it’s brewed. Ceylon green tea usually has about 35 milligrams per cup, and Ceylon white tea may have as little as 6 milligrams, depending on where it is from.
Buying and Storing
When buying Ceylon tea, purchase loose leaves for optimum quality; alternatively, purchase tea bags. Genuine Ceylon tea displays a unique lion logo on the package. The logo is owned by the Sri Lankan Tea Board and is trademarked around the world. Store the tea in a clean airtight container in a cool and dry place, away from moisture, heat, light, and pungent odors.Everything You Need to Know About Brewing and Drinking Black Tea
Ceylon tea is an excellent choice for any drink recipe that calls for a generic black tea.
• Thai Iced Tea
• Hong Kong Milk Tea
• Black Tea-Infused Vodka
• Iced Breakfast Tea Latte
• Sweet Adeline: Warm Pomegranate and Black Tea Drink
Types of Ceylon Tea
Although some Sri Lankan producers are branching out in their offerings to include green tea and other tea types, most Ceylon teas are black teas. There are seven tea-growing regions in Sri Lanka, and Ceylon teas are categorized by three different altitudes: high grown (above 4,000 feet), medium grown (between 2,000 and 4,000 feet), and low grown (from sea level up to 2,000 feet).
- Nuwara Eliya: Nuwara Eliya is the highest elevation tea-producing area in Sri Lanka. It is also located in the center of the island, west of Uva and north of Dimbula. Its terroir produces tea with a delicate, floral fragrance and light, brisk flavor. The high elevation teas of Nuwara Eliya are exceptional iced or served with lemon.
- Uva: is a high-grown tea and perhaps the most famous tea-growing region in Sri Lanka. It is located in central Sri Lanka, east of both Nuwara Eliya and Dimbula. The territory of Uva produces black tea with a distinctively sweet flavor and woodsy aroma that can handle a bit of milk. Some white teas are also produced in Uva.
- Dimbula (or Dambulla): Dimbula is a tea-growing region in central Sri Lanka. It is the southernmost of the three well-known regions. As a region of mountain slopes, the terroir ranges greatly with the elevation. Some teas are full-bodied, while others are delicate, but most are mellow in flavor.
- Uda Pussellawa: Uda Pussellawa is close to Nuwara Eliya, in a region that has heavy rainfall. Its tea is similar to tea from Nuwara Eliya, but darker, with a pinkish hue and a stronger flavor.
- Kandy:Kandy is a medium-level elevation district that produces mid-grown teas, which vary in flavor depending on exposure to monsoon winds. The tea is generally full-bodied, malty, and copper-hued.
- Ruhuna and Sabaragamuwa: Ruhuna and Sabaragamuwa are lower elevation regions that produce low-grown black teas with a full flavor, rich hues of orange and reds, with notes of honey, chocolate, and caramel. Most of the teas grown in these regions are processed as orange pekoes and flowery orange pekoes.
Drinking too much black tea—or any caffeinated beverage in large quantities—can increase the chance of side effects, such as headache, nervousness, shakiness, irregular heartbeat, or sleep problems.2 To reduce this risk, avoid drinking tea in large quantities and drink a tea that is not too strong.